Different materials of cloth and how to identify them

Introduction – Have you ever been to a textile shop but get confused about the fabric the shopkeeper shows? In this blog post, we will help you in identifying key differences between different fabrics. Vista Furnishing is a premier brand in the textile manufacturing sector of India. With over 30 years of experience in the industry we produce all types of fabrics and CMT products.

Cotton Fabric

Cotton fabric is a natural fiber derived from the cotton plant’s fluffy seed fibers. Renowned for its breathability, cotton is a go-to choice for a wide range of clothing and textiles. Its soft and fluffy texture, coupled with a natural luster, sets it apart. One of the distinctive features of cotton is its tendency to wrinkle easily, adding a relaxed charm to garments. Cotton is highly absorbent, making it an ideal choice for warm-weather clothing, as it wicks away moisture, keeping the wearer cool.

Silk fabric, often hailed as the “Queen of Fabrics,” exudes an air of luxury and sophistication. Derived from the silken threads produced by silk-producing insects, silk boasts a smooth and lustrous surface that feels cool to the touch. One of its defining characteristics is the distinctive rustle it produces when rubbed between fingers. Silk’s high sheen, combined with its elegant drape, makes it a coveted material for high-end fashion and exquisite home textiles.


Jute fabric, a versatile and eco-friendly material, is crafted from the outer stems of the jute plant. Recognized for its distinctive coarse texture and natural beige hue, jute holds a special place in sustainable textiles. Its rough feel and earthy color make it easily distinguishable, adding character to a variety of products. Identifying jute involves a tactile examination—its rough surface and irregularities in the weave are key indicators.



Velvet fabric is distinguished by its sumptuous texture and rich appearance. Crafted from various fibers such as silk, cotton, or synthetics, velvet’s dense pile gives it a soft and plush feel. One of its defining features is the way it reflects light, creating a visually captivating appearance. Velvet’s distinct texture makes it a preferred choice for elegant garments, upholstery, and accessories, adding a touch of sophistication to any setting. Additionally, the fabric’s ability to reflect light in a unique manner contributes to its unmistakable allure

Suede fabric, celebrated for its soft and velvety texture, is a distinctive material that adds a touch of luxury to fashion and upholstery. Typically crafted from the underside of animal hides, suede stands out with its napped surface, which feels like brushed fabric. Identifying suede involves a sensory experience—its soft and velvety feel, coupled with the absence of a glossy sheen, distinguishes it from other fabrics.


Leather can be of two types – Natural leather which is procured from the tanning of animal hides and Synthetic Leather or faux leather, is a man-made alternative to traditional animal-derived leather. Crafted from various materials such as polyurethane (PU) or polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Machine leather replicates the appearance of genuine leather but lacks the natural variations, exhibiting a more uniform texture. Recognizing machine leather involves observing consistent patterns, a lack of natural imperfections, and a cooler touch compared to genuine leather.